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Advanced Course II

Galaxy & Galaxies, ISM

Part 1, Prof. A.Burkert & Dr. F.Heitsch :

  • Overview MHD: equations, shocks, numerical integration simple applications
  • Thermodynamics of the ISM, phase transitions, heating and cooling processes, radiation transport, H2 formation , dust
  • Dynamics of the ISM. Signatures and importance of magnetic fields, turbulence, instabilities (hydrodynamical, gravitational, thermal), molecular cloud structure and dynamics
  • Star formation in turbulent clouds, protostellar collapse, protostellar accretion disks, stellar clusters, the first stars in the Universe
  • Chemical evolution of galaxies and enrichment of the ISM

Part 2, Prof. S.White:

  • N-body equations, virial Theorems, applications, Distribution functions, Liouville/Vlasov equations, 2-body, relaxation Jeans's moment equations, applications
  • Applications of Jeans's equations to local disk structure, Jean's theorem, integrals of motion, orbits, phase mixing, entropy, Model galaxies, Abel/Eddington inversions.
  • Local star motions, secular/statistical parallax, thick/thin disks, Galactic rotation, rotation systematics of galaxies, maximal disks, Epicyclic orbits, disk thickening, Jeans instability
  • Winding problems for spirals, kinematic and transient spirals, Linblad resonances, Lin-Shu theory for gas and star disks, Toomre stability, swing amplifiers, bars, observed instability, modes
  • Lensing by point masses, microlensing, Machos, Strong lensing. masses determinations, H_0 measures, grav.telescopes Weak lensing, mass mapping, cosmic shear
  • Simulations, Poisson-solvers, integrators, uses and limitations, Instabilities, interactions, mergers, star/galaxy clusters, Cosmic structure formation, violent relaxation
  • Roche problem, stripping, tidal shocking, harassment, tidal, streams Dynamical friction, mass segregation, cD formation, Fokker-Planck equ., soft/hard binaries, star cluster evolution
  • Galaxy luminosity functions, estimation methods, V/Vmax and, evolution Star formation estimators, star formation modes, Population synthesis techniques, degeneracies
  • Models for the Milky Way's formation. Dating techniques, Hierarchical structure formation, scaling laws, angular momentum, Disk formation, timing arguments for the Local Group mass.